Afghanistan’s President Ashraf Ghani was on track to win a second term Sunday, after election officials announced he had scored a majority in presidential elections.
According to the Independent Election Commission (IEC), Ghani won 50.64% of the vote in the September 28 poll, while his rival Abdullah Abdullah scored 39.52%.
A jubilant Ghani gave a televised address, shouting triumphantly while flanked by his two vice presidents. He stopped short of declaring himself winner, but said the election results were a “victory” for all of Afghanistan.
“A government worthy of this great nation will be built,” Ghani said.
Candidates now have a few days to file any complaints before final results are announced, probably within weeks. Abdullah’s office immediately said it would contest the vote.
“We would like to make it clear once again to our people, supporters, election commission and our international allies that our team will not accept the result of this fraudulent vote unless our legitimate demands are addressed,” his office said in a statement.
Abdullah lost to Ghani in 2014 in a divisive election that saw the US intervene to broker an awkward power-sharing deal between the two rivals.
US ambassador to Afghanistan John Bass said it was vital the full electoral process plays out.
“It’s important for all Afghans to remember: these results are preliminary. Many steps remain before final election results are certified, to ensure the Afghan people have confidence in the results,” Bass wrote on Twitter.
Preliminary results were originally due October 19 but were repeatedly delayed amid technical issues and allegations of fraud from various candidates, particularly Abdullah.
Observers and candidates have blasted the IEC over its handling of the count and its repeated disregard of the electoral calendar.
The Transparent Electoral Foundation of Afghanistan, an independent watchdog, said the IEC needs to share all information about how it reached its numbers and break down data by polling centre.
IEC chairwoman Hawa Alam Nuristani said her agency acted with “honesty, loyalty, responsibility and faithfulness.”
“We respected every single vote because we wanted democracy to endure,” she said.
Many people had stayed away from the vote amid Taliban vows to attack polling stations, compounded by voter apathy and despair that any politician can ever improve the lot of the average Afghan.
On the streets of Kabul after the results were announced, reaction was muted with few, if any, people celebrating or protesting.
The protracted limbo between the vote and the preliminary result heaped additional uncertainty on Afghans who are already anxiously awaiting the outcome of talks between the US and the Taliban.
The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), which provided support to electoral authorities, welcomed the announcement of preliminary results and called on the Electoral Complaints Commission to listen carefully to any grievances.
“The ECC has an obligation to adjudicate any complaints it receives transparently and thoroughly so the election process may conclude in a credible manner,” UNAMA head Tadamichi Yamamoto said.
ECC chairwoman Zuhra Bayan Shinwari said candidates and their supporters should wait for final results to be announced.
“We are committed to reviewing all the complaints according to the law,” she said.
The election was meant to be the cleanest yet in Afghanistan’s young democracy, with a German firm supplying biometric machines to stop people from voting more than once.
But problems immediately emerged, with allegations of vote stuffing, illegal voting and other fraud coming almost as soon as the polls had closed.
Nearly one million of the initial 2.7 million votes were purged owing to irregularities, meaning the election saw by far the lowest turnout of any Afghan poll.
Ultimately, only 1.8 million votes were counted, a tiny number considering Afghanistan’s estimated population of 37 million and a total of 9.6 million registered voters.
Abdullah has repeatedly cried foul over 300,000 votes the IEC counted even though his team claims many of these ballots were fake or had been cast outside of polling hours.
Thirty-one percent of votes were cast by women, the IEC said.
His apparent loss to Ghani makes Abdullah a three-time loser and his future in government is uncertain as he has ruled out another power-sharing deal with the president.
Here is a look at Ghani’s life and career:
Ghani, 70, is an anthropologist, academic and a former employee of the World Bank who left Afghanistan in 1977 and returned about two decades later.
He studied at Columbia University in New York and taught at several US universities during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s.
In late 2001, after the Taliban were ousted by a US-led invasion, Ghani moved back to Kabul as a senior UN special advisor, going on to become a key architect of the interim government.
He became a powerful finance minister under President Hamid Karzai from 2002 to 2004, campaigning against burgeoning corruption.
Renowned for his intensity and energy, Ghani introduced a new currency, set up a tax system, encouraged wealthy expat Afghans to return home, and cajoled donors as the country emerged from the austere Taliban era.
Ghani, an ethnic Pashtun, was a candidate for the 2014 presidential election, with Uzbek warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum, accused of human rights abuses, as his first vice president and Sarwar Danish, a Hazara, as his second deputy.
Ghani lit up the campaign trail with a series of fiery speeches, and he did better than many expected in the first round by taking 31.6 percent of the vote to the 45 percent of his rival Abdullah Abdullah, forcing the election to a second round.
The run-off was engulfed in fraud allegations, but Ghani emerged as an easy victor with 55 percent to Abdullah’s 45.
He eventually formed a “National Unity Government” with Abdullah after the US mediated an awkward power-sharing deal.
Ghani has variously been described as visionary, short-tempered, academic, and overly demanding.
In the five years since his election, he has made little headway against deep-rooted government corruption and has been dismissed by the Taliban as a US-controlled “puppet”.
Ghani and his administration have been sidelined from talks between the US and the Taliban, but he has insisted on taking part in any future negotiations with the insurgents.
If such talks fail, Ghani has vowed to fight the militants “for generations” if necessary.
Ghani is married to Rula, whom he met while studying for his first degree at the American University in Lebanon, and has two children.